Puzzling Plans and Budgets: Making Sense of California’s Second Year Local Control and Accountability Plans


Three years after the California Legislature invested nearly $13 billion into schools through the Local Control Funding Formula, it’s still unclear where those dollars are going. That’s the conclusion of The Education Trust–West’s new report, which reviews the second-year Local Control and Accountability Plans from 40 school districts. The analysis focuses on the budget information presented in these plans. It finds that LCAPs lack fiscal transparency and fail to convey if supplemental and concentration grants generated by low-income students, English learners, and foster youth are indeed reaching those students.

“Puzzling Plans and Budgets: Making Sense of California’s Second Year Local Control and Accountability Plans” includes the following findings:

  • In most cases, it is impossible to trace if supplemental and concentration grants were used to increase or improve services for high-needs students.
  • Most districts account for less than half of their budgets in their LCAPs. Conversely, some districts account for more than 100% of their budgets, in part because they double-count line items.
  • In districts that do show how they are using supplemental and concentration funds, we see both promising practices and concerning trends. Some districts are clearly using dollars to positively serve English learners, foster youth, and low-income students, as LCFF intended. But in some cases, districts appear to be using funds in ways that are contrary to the spirit of the law.
  • Many districts appear to be underspending supplemental and concentration dollars, relative to what they proposed the prior year. Underspending these targeted dollars may deny students the services to which they are entitled.

The report provides suggestions for how the state can fix the LCAP template, increase budget transparency, and strengthen assurances that high-needs students will benefit from LCFF’s targeted dollars.


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Karla Fernandez

Communications Manager

Karla Fernandez (she/her/hers) joins Ed Trust–West as a Communications Manager with over 11 years of experience advancing social impact initiatives.

Karla started her career as a teacher at Chicago Public Schools and UIC College Prep. After teaching, Karla joined United Friends of the Children to support LA County’s youth in foster care as a college counselor. Through Leadership for Educational Equity, Karla also served as a Policy Advisor Fellow for the office of a Los Angeles Unified School Board Member. She solidified her interests in policy analysis and quantitative research during her time with the Price Center for Social Innovation, the Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles, and the USC Presidential Working Group on Sustainability. Before joining The Education Trust–West, Karla was the Associate Director for the Southeast Los Angeles (SELA) Collaborative, a network of nonprofits advocating for communities in SELA.

Karla holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Anthropology from the University of Chicago, a Master of Public Policy from the USC Price School of Public Policy, and a Graduate Certificate in Policy Advocacy from the USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism. Karla is based out of southern California and is passionate about using data analysis, communications, and digital strategies for policy advocacy and social justice efforts.